Law Development and Enforcement for First Nations under the Framework Agreement
Presenting Organization: RC
This presentation will outline the current scope of law-making powers and authority under the Framework Agreement, including the fundamental sections and requirements in the development and enforcement of First Nations laws under their respective land codes. We will discuss various enforcement systems including but not limited to ticketing, prosecution and dispute resolution. Examples will be provided illustrating some of the types of laws developed by our signatory First Nations. Hear success stories of enforcement and learn of the support-services offered through the Resource Centre on this very important topic.
- Kevin Broughton, First Nation Lands Management Resource Centre
- Wade Davidson, First Nation Lands Management Resource Centre
- Stacy McNeil, Skowkale First Nation Executive Director & SAY Lands Officer Manager
- Matthew Jack, Community Law Enforcement Officer, SAY Lands Office
- Stephen Jimmie, Director of Lands & Natural Resources, Lower Nicola Indian Band
Kevin Broughton served 33 years with Ontario Provincial Police now living in Thunder Bay Ontario. Kevin served across Ontario in the capacity of Provincial Constable posted to Schreiber, Temagami, Rolphton, and Pembroke. Kevin was promoted to the rank of Identification Constable posted to the Kenora, London, and the Tillsonburg Forensic Unit. Kevin has worked extensively with First Nation communities throughout northern and southern Ontario. Kevin worked for the Ontario College of Trades as an Inspector, Manager of Investigations, Courts and Hearings and transferred to the position of Project Manager for their new Records Management system.
Wade Davidson joined the First Nations Land Management Resource Centre as an Enforcement Advisor in 2022. He has travelled extensively but always returns to Treaty 7 lands; where he was born, raised, and educated. Wade attended Lethbridge College, obtaining a diploma in Environmental Science with a focus on Renewable Resource Management followed by a specialization certificate in Conservation Enforcement. After college, he went to work for what is now the Canada Border Service Agency, at Coutts, Alberta. In 2005 Wade moved on to a career with the Lethbridge Police Service where he served in patrol operations, traffic operations, and as a collision reconstructionist. Wade has been qualified as an expert witness in both the Provincial Court of Alberta and the Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench. He also spent several years as a part-time police recruit trainer for the Center for Advancement of Community Justice at Lethbridge College. In 2014, he was promoted to sergeant and had the opportunity to lead patrol teams, manage the traffic unit, and work in professional standards. Wade has been involved in policy development, legislation development and establishing enforcement programs at the local, provincial, and federal levels.
Stacy McNeil is a member of the Seabird Island Band in the Eastern Fraser Valley of BC, where she is busy with her blended family of 9 children and serving on Council. Stacy currently works as the Executive Director at Skowkale First Nation and through her role there, she also manages the SAY Lands Office - which is an aggregate of Skowkale, Aitchelitz and Yakweakwioose First Nations lands management. Stacy finished her Criminal Justice Degree in 2003, her Masters in Business Administration in 2013 and was most recently the valedictorian of her First Nations Applied Land Management certificate program out of Tulo which was completed during the pandemic.
Matthew Jack is Snuneymuxw First Nation on his mother’s side, English/Scottish on his fathers. Matthew grew up on the Sunshine Coast, spent his adult life in the Greater Vancouver Area, mostly West Vancouver. Throughout his 20s and time in school he worked as a Chef and Property Manager. He studied some criminology and tenant law at Vancouver Community College before deciding to get into law enforcement. He studied at the Justice Institute of British Columbia (JIBC) in the Law Enforcement Studies Diploma (LESD) graduating in 2019. Matthew changed his chef hat for work in security which is when he moved to Chilliwack. He got his Bylaw level 1 and 2 certificates online from JIBC. He worked very briefly with Cheam First Nation as a Peacekeeper before that program was ended. He was hired to be S.A.Y. Lands Law Enforcement Officer in April 2022, so he is now 9 months in.
I am a member of Squiala First Nation located in Chilliwack, BC. I lived in Chilliwack most of my life until I moved to the Nicola Valley in 2018 with my spouse. I have one daughter and four wonderful grandchildren that live in my home community in Chilliwack. I oversee two sectors for the Lower Nicola Indian Band as the Director of Lands and Housing. The primary purpose of my role as the Lands Director is to lead the development of a land and environmental governance system that will enable the implementation of the Lower Nicola Indian Band Land Code. In addition, I am responsible for oversight of the Lands Department and land administration activities. The primary purpose of my role as the Housing Director is to lead the development of the social housing program through the implementation of the Rental Housing Policy. In addition, I am responsible for oversight of the Housing Department and the care and maintenance of the LNIB housing stock. My achievements include an Associate Degree in Science (2000), Ch’nook Advanced Management Certificate (2008), a Professional Land Management Certification (2009), and a Masters in Business Administration Degree in the Aboriginal Business and Leadership Program through Simon Fraser University’s Beedie School of Business in 2015. In addition, I have 17 years’ experience working with First Nation communities in roles that include land, business, and financial management.